Visit Japan, the "hometown of paper and paper"
in the history of world culture, Japanese culture has its own unique character, and the important point is that today, when emerging cultures continue to emerge, traditional culture still occupies an important position. Japan and paper, with a history of 1500 years, are good examples
in the golden autumn, mature persimmons are covered with branches, and the farmyards on both sides of the road are full of harvest. Jinli town is a place full of cultural color. Not only paper but also lacquerware, pottery and knives are produced here. Sasaki Kojiro, an ancient swordsman with a tragic color, was also born here. Although it is only a small town with more than 10000 people, the output and quality of Kawabata in Kinichi is the first in Japan, and it is naturally called "the hometown of Kawabata" by the Japanese
because the area around Fukui Prefecture used to be called yueqianguo, Japan and paper are also called yueqianhe paper. It is said that 1500 years ago, a beautiful goddess appeared near the upper reaches of okadaikawa. She taught the Japanese papermaking, so the goddess called "Kawakami Yuqian" was regarded as the ancestor of yueqian and paper. According to the textual research of Japanese historians, paper began to be introduced into Japan from China with words in the 4TH-5TH century A.D. By the 6th century, in order to print Buddhist scriptures in large quantities, the Japanese government tried to learn how to make paper and produce paper by imitating "Tang paper". The raw material of paper making, Broussonetia papyrifera, also began to be planted in Japan. In the 8th century, papermaking technology has been popularized in Japan. With the increasing demand for raw materials, people began to look for new papermaking materials. Wild goose skin, a Japanese specialty, was used as a new raw material for papermaking. After continuous improvement, it finally created Japan's unique "harmony paper"
walking into the famous papermaking artist hirasaro iwano's paper mill, a faint smell of pulp came to my face. Several middle-aged female craftsmen are carefully picking out impurities in papermaking raw materials. The sun shines quietly on the basin containing raw materials through the window, drawing a harmonious picture. The first process of papermaking is to boil the raw materials in a large pot, select the materials according to the properties of the products that our company needs to experiment, and boil the materials other than fiber. Next, hard fibers and impurities in raw materials are picked out by hand. This operation requires great patience. And the quality of paper mainly depends on the first two processes. The third process is to beat the fiber hard to make it appear slurry, which is the only place where the machine is used. After the pulp is made, the viscose should be added, and then the unique manufacturing method of paper - the measured value obtained may not be exactly the same as that of "flow filtration". The tool used for "flow filtration" is a horizontal wooden frame with a bamboo curtain at the bottom. The craftsman held the horizontal wooden frame flat and used it to scoop the pulp in the filter tank. At the same time, he shook it back and forth to make the bamboo curtain stick the pulp evenly. After reaching the desired thickness, take the horizontal wooden frame out of the filter tank, lay the filtered pulp on the wood board, place a layer of cloth between each two layers of pulp, and dry it in the sun. After uncovering layer by layer, it needs air drying to be successful. An important point in the "flow filtration" papermaking method is that when there is not much pulp in the filter tank, it should be added in time, and finally the excess pulp should be removed. This is to prevent the surface of the paper from being stained with impurities. This is the biggest difference from the traditional "accumulation filtration" papermaking method in China. The "Hezhi Township guild hall" in Jinli town is a Hezhi museum that records the development history of Hezhi in Vietnam. It is reported that at present, Heshan paper mainly uses the bark of Broussonetia papyrifera, Daphne odora and wild goose bark as raw materials. And paper made from different raw materials have different characteristics. One of the characteristics of Hezhi paper is its firmness. From this point of view, Hezhi paper made of Broussonetia papyrifera is the strongest, but its surface is relatively rough. This kind of Hezhi paper is generally used for sliding doors and windows of Hezhi houses. Although the wo paper made from Daphne odora is not very strong, its surface is thin and slippery, and it is mostly used as printing paper. The best Japanese paper money in the world is made from Daphne odora odora. And the paper made of wild goose skin is strong, the surface of the paper is also fine, and the preservation time is long. In addition, hemp paper made of hemp has a soft and tough texture and beautiful texture. It is the most valuable and paper, also known as Japanese painting and paper. The famous Japanese painter Yufu Hirayama spent 30 years to create a giant painting "murals in the western regions of the Tang Dynasty", which uses the paper - "cloud muscle hemp paper" is one of it
"hometown of paper and paper" has more than 80 paper workshops, more than half of which still retain the form of manual papermaking, and machine-made paper and paper are mainly used for printing. Exquisite raw materials and meticulous craftsmanship keep the price of paper at a high level. When asked about how to ensure the market competitiveness and maintain its vitality in today's highly developed paper industry, Yoshio Kato, curator of the Kazuo Paper Museum, said, "Kazuo paper has penetrated into Japanese life and cannot be separated from it on many occasions." Indeed, it plays an irreplaceable role in Japanese architecture, catering, packaging and other fields, as well as in ceremonies, sacrifices and other occasions. As a part of Japanese daily life, and paper continues to this day, with the development of the times, and the field of paper application is constantly expanding. Such as machine parts made of paper, facial mask with cosmetics added to paper, and even paper fashion, etc. At this year's Tokyo Fashion Show, the famous Japanese fashion designer guiyoumei showed off her unique fashion designs based on paper kneading, cardboard and paper technology. The constantly expanding application fields have given old and paper new life
paper is the carrier of culture. It was born in China and spread and developed in the world. Rice paper, native paper, Tibetan paper, these unique Chinese paper cultural products, now some are in a corner, some are dying out, and some are far away from us. Look at Japan and paper, which are still beautiful today, and people who think about traditional culture should get some enlightenment
reprinted from: People
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