Recycling of the most popular Japanese commodity p

2022-08-08
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Recycling of Japanese commodity packaging design

various beautifully packaged gift boxes are placed in conspicuous positions in shopping malls. Many ordinary simple packaged foods (such as wine, sugar, etc.) have also put on beautiful clothes in order to make people look good when giving gifts. The problem of over packaging of goods has been said for many years. Instead of improving, it has become more and more serious. As we all know, Japan is one of the countries that pay most attention to packaging in the world. However, in recent years, the concept of environmental protection has been deeply rooted in the hearts of the people. Japan has also begun to pursue a new fashion of simplicity and green in commodity packaging

in the past, Japanese stores were often dazzled by the packaging of goods, and opened layers of beautiful packaging, which was likely to contain a banana or a few biscuits and other very common things. This shows that the Japanese pay attention to packaging. Now, the importance of environmental protection has changed the Japanese concept of packaging. Japanese businessmen now try their best to use raw materials that do not pollute the environment when packaging food

■ recycling is considered in packaging design

90% of Japan's milk is sold in paper packaging with creased lines, which is a good education. It can enable children to contact and use "green" products with environmental protection effect from urination. This kind of easily flattened packaging not only has low production cost, but also can reduce the occupied space, facilitate the recycling processing, and reduce the transportation cost. Yakutt health drink, the most common drink in Japan, also uses a cup-shaped container with a tear bottom. After tearing the bottom, people can easily flatten the container for recycling

packaging design competition is held every year in Tokyo, Japan. An award-winning beverage packaging called ecopac is now widely used. The package consists of a 100% recycled cardboard box and a bag inside the box for drinks, which is called a bagincarton/box. The main purpose is to enable people to easily separate the paper box from the bag, which is easier to handle when sent to recycling processing. At present, most of the alcoholic beverages on the Japanese market use this kind of packaging. Another new packaging design that has begun to be accepted by Japanese consumers is standingbag/pocket. Since opening the bag is easier to overflow the internal liquid than opening the bottle, the openings of the bag are specially designed to facilitate opening. This kind of bag packaging mainly replaces plastic bottles. Comparing the two, the use of plastic in the former is only 1/5 of that in the latter. In addition to beverages, many edible oils sold in Japan are also packaged in composite paper, greatly reducing the use of plastics

the packaging of Japanese dish cleaners can also meet the needs of environmental protection. After consumers use up the detergent for the first time, they can buy the detergent sold in vertical bags on the market to make some plastics brittle, and then pour the detergent into the original plastic containers to continue to use, so that the plastic containers do not need to be discarded

the above are just the excellent designs of several environmentally friendly packaging commonly used in Japan. Most of them can reduce the volume and weight of packaging, reduce the waste of resources and the difficulties in collecting and recycling processing, and more importantly, they are conducive to maintaining human health

■ advocate simplifying packaging and saving resources

at present, the vast majority of materials used for packaging food and drugs in almost all countries in the world are plastic products. However, people are worried that under certain medium environment and temperature conditions, polymer monomers and some additives in plastics will dissolve out, and a very small amount will be transferred to food and drugs, resulting in acute or chronic poisoning, and even teratogenesis and cancer. At the same time, due to the large amount of plastic products consumed in the world every year, people throw them away after using them. Because plastic is difficult to decay, this also makes the environmental protection industry puzzled. Japan has made great achievements in this regard, especially many food traders have gradually abandoned plastic packaging

although paper packaging has replaced plastic containers, the waste generated by packaging is still a problem that can not be ignored. They account for 20-30% of the total waste in terms of weight and 50-60% of the total waste in terms of volume. In response to this situation, Japanese experts have proposed that many foods can completely give up packaging. Taking vegetables and fruits as an example, a survey conducted by the Japanese chain store chamber of Commerce shows that 90% of vegetables and fruits do not need sales packaging. If it needs to be packed, special functional fresh-keeping paper should also be used to prevent moisture from penetrating. Because if there is water in the package, it will accelerate the deterioration of vegetables and fruits, resulting in undue waste and harm to the body

in recent years, some local governments and non-governmental organizations in Japan have actively carried out campaigns to simplify packaging, save resources and protect the environment, calling on enterprises and consumers to work together to reduce unnecessary packaging. Osaka Prefecture called on manufacturers to reduce packaging to a minimum and try to use containers and packaging that can be recycled for many times; Businesses are required to ask customers whether they are for their own use when selling goods. If they are for their own use, they hope that customers can cooperate without packaging. They also called on customers to bring their own shopping bags and try to buy unpackaged food when shopping; Among the items that must be packaged, try to buy paper packaged items; Also try to simplify the packaging when buying gifts, etc. Through the joint efforts of all parties, household packaging waste in Japan has been reduced

■ classified recycling of packaging waste

statistical data show that the proportion of packaging waste (also known as packaging waste, the same below) in Japan is not more than that in the United Kingdom, the United States and other countries, but also slightly lower than those countries. For example, by weight, about 1/3 of household waste in Britain and the United States is packaging waste; The data provided by Japan's environmental white paper led display shows that packaging waste accounts for only 22.6% of household waste in Japan

Japan also pays special attention to the recovery and recycling of packaging materials, and strives to save resources and reduce environmental pollution. The Japanese government enacted the container packaging recycling law in 1995, which clearly stipulates that manufacturers and consumers have the obligation to recycle all kinds of packaging waste. The law also stipulates that container packaging waste must be strictly divided into metal, glass, paper and plastic, and fully recycled

consumers should place the packaging waste at the designated place at the designated time, which should be regularly recycled by the relevant departments of the local government or designated recycling enterprises, and sent to the designated factory for reprocessing

in order to promote the recycling of packaging waste, Japan has also set up a consortium legal person "Japan container packaging recycling association" to guide consumers to actively cooperate with the recycling of packaging waste, and also accept the entrustment of enterprises to assist them in recycling container packaging waste

■ don't be obsessed with looking good during the holidays

it's human nature to give gifts during the holidays, but don't be obsessed with looking good, resulting in "packaging disaster". The consumption habits of the public will affect the production of manufacturers. If everyone does not need luxury packaging, manufacturers will not waste resources and create those beautiful garbage

information source: China's packaging industry

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